P. 283

Pausanias Panathenaicus 12.193:

For our country was invaded by the Thracians, led by Eumolpus, son of Poseidon, who disputed the possession of Athens with Erechtheus, alleging, that Poseidon had appropriated the city before Athena; also by the Scythians, led by the Amazons, the offspring of Ares, who made the expedition to recover Hippolyte, since she had not only broken the laws which were established among them, but had become enamored of Theseus and followed him from her home to Athens and there lived with him as his consort (original Greek).

Hyginus Fabulae 30:

When he was an infant, he strangled with his two hands the two snakes which Juno had sent – whence his name, Primigenius. The Nemean Lion, an invulnerable monster, which Luna had nourished in a two-mouthed cave, he slew and took the pelt for defensive covering. He killed at the spring of Lerna the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra, offspring of Typhon. This monster was so poisonous that she killed men with her breath, and if anyone passed by when she was sleeping, he breathed her tracks and died in the greatest torment. Under Minerva’s instructions he killed her, disembowelled her, and dipped his arrows in her gall; and so whatever later he hit with his arrows did not escape death, and later he himself perished in Phrygia from the same cause. He killed the Erymanthian Boar. The wild stag with golden horns in Arcadia he brought alive to show Eurystheus. He killed with his arrows on the island of Mars the Stymphalian Birds which shoot their feathers out as arrows. He cleaned in one day the ox dung of King Augeas, Jove helping him for the most part. By letting in a river he washed away all the dung. The bull with which Pasiphaë lay he brought alive from the island of Crete to Mycenae. Diomede, King of Thrace, and his four horses which fed on human flesh he killed along with the slave Abderus. The horses’ names were Podargus, Lampon, Xanthus, and Dinus. [He slew] Hippolyte, daughter of Mars and Queen Otrera, and took from her the belt of the Amazon Queen; then he presented Antiopa as captive to Theseus. The triple-bodied Geryon, son of Chrysaor, he killed with a single weapon. The huge dragon, Typhon’s son, which used to guard the golden apples of the Hesperides, he killed near Mount Atlas, and brought the apples to King Eurystheus. He brought from the Lower World for the king to see, the dog Cerberus, offspring of Typhon (original Latin).

Euripides Heracleidae 215-17 (the text is corrupt here, but Herakles gives Antiope to Theseus):

…for I say that I, the shield-bearer of [Herakles], once sailed with Theseus after the murderous girdle… (translated by Aaron J. Ivey)

Diodorus Siculus Bibliotheca Historica 4.28.1:

While Herakles concerned himself with this, they say the remaining Amazons mustered in mass around the Thermodon River and hastened against the Greeks to avenge the things Herakles had accomplished after waging war. They contended adversely with the Athenians in particular because Theseus had enslaved Antiope (or, as some say, Hippolyte), the commander of the Amazons (translated by Aaron J. Ivey).

Hyginus Fabulae 241:

Hercules, son of Jove, killed Megara, daughter of Creon, in a fit of insanity.
Theseus, son of Aegeus, killed Antiopa, the Amazon, daughter Mars, because of an oracle of Apollo. Cephalus, son of Deion or of Mercury, killed Procris, daughter of Pandion, unwittingly (original Latin).

Pausanias Description of Greece 1.41.7:

Near the shrine of the hero Pandion is the tomb of Hippolyte. I will record the account the Megarians give of her. When the Amazons, having marched against the Athenians because of Antiope, were over come by Theseus, most of them met their death in the fight, but Hippolyte, the sister of Antiope and on this occasion the leader of the women, escaped with a few others to Megara. Having suffered such a military disaster, being in despair at her present situation and even more hopeless of reaching her home in Themiscyra, she died of a broken heart, and the Megarians gave her burial. The shape of her tomb is like an Amazonian shield (original Greek).

Leskhes Little Iliad, fr. 20 PEG (Poetae Epici Graeci, ed. A. Bernabé [1987], p. 80):

Lescheos says of Aethra that, when Troy was taken, she came stealthily to the Greek camp. She was recognized by the sons of Theseus, and Demophon asked for her from Agamemnon. He was ready to grant Demophon the favour, but said that Helen must first give her consent. He sent a herald, and Helen granted him the favour. So in the painting Eurybates appears to have come to Helen to ask about Aethra, and to be saying what he had been told to say by Agamemnon (as told by Pausanias).

Apollodorus Epitome 1.18:

After giving Theseus two children, Akamas and Demophon, Phaidra falls in love with the Amazon’s son, that is Hippolytos, and she begs him to lie with her. Since he hated all women, he fled sexual intercourse. And Phaidra, being afraid lest he accuse [her] to his father, burst the doors of her chamber, tore her clothing, and wrongfully accused Hippolytos of rape (translated by Aaron J. Ivey).

Naupaktia, fr. 10 PEG (Poetae Epici Graeci, ed. A. Bernabé [1987], p. 126):

I found some who are said to have been raised by him…Hippolytos, as says the poet of the Naupaktia… (translated by Aaron J. Ivey)

Edited by Aaron J. Ivey, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Department of Classics, University of Georgia, June 2016.

Advertisements