P. 249 upper (with art)

E : Hik 5-7

Hipp 887

Plutarch, Theseus 3.3-4

Now Aegeus, king of Athens, desiring to have children, is said to have received from the Pythian priestess the celebrated oracle in which she bade him to have intercourse with no woman until he came to Athens. But Aegeus thought the words of the command somewhat obscure, and therefore turned aside to Troezen and communicated to Pittheus the words of the god, which ran as follows:—

Loose not the wine-skin’s jutting neck, great chief of the people,

Until thou shalt have come once more to the city of Athens.”

This dark saying Pittheus apparently understood, and persuaded him, or beguiled him, to have intercourse with his daughter Aethra. Aegeus did so, and then learning that it was the daughter of Pittheus with whom he had consorted, and suspecting that she was with child by him, he left a sword and a pair of sandals hidden under a great rock, which had a hollow in it just large enough to receive these objects (original Greek).

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2.33.1

The Troezenians possess islands, one of which is near the mainland, and it is possible to wade across the channel. This was formerly called Sphaeria, but its name was changed to Sacred Island for the following reason. In it is the tomb of Sphaerus, who, they say, was charioteer to Pelops. In obedience forsooth to a dream from Athena, Aethra crossed over into the island with libations for Sphaerus. After she had crossed, Poseidon is said to have had intercourse with her here. So for this reason Aethra set up here a temple of Athena Apaturia, and changed the name from Sphaeria to Sacred Island. She also established a custom for the Troezenian maidens of dedicating their girdles before wedlock to Athena Apaturia (original Greek).

Apollodorus, ApB 3.15.7

Hyginus, Fab 37

Kallimachos, Hekale 235, 236 Pf

Paris, Louvre G622 (not G423, as Gantz): Attic red-figure cup with  Theseus lifting the rock


E. Pottier, Vases antiques du Louvre, vol. 3 (1922), pl. 158

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Stockholm, National Museum 1701: Attic red-figure lekythos with  Theseus lifting the rock


Nationalmusei årsbok vol. 4 (1922), p. 129 fig. 43


Nationalmusei årsbok vol. 4 (1922), p. 130 fig. 44

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Bakchylides, Dithyrambs 18.48

The herald says that only two men accompany him, and that he has a sword slung over his bright shoulders… and two polished javelins in his hands (original Greek)…

Edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., Sept. 2016; and by Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, Nov. 2016.